Ohio by the Numbers:
Key Statistical Data and Facts

Key Details

  • Ohio is the seventh-most populous and 35th-largest state in the US, with an estimated population of 11.8 million in 2022. 
  • In 2021, there were 5.3 million housing units in Ohio, with an average owner-occupied rate of 66.6%, and a median gross rent of $870. 
  • Elected in 2018. Mike DeWine serves as the 70th Governor of the state. 
  • As of 2021, 81% of Ohio residents are white, 13% are Black or African American, 4.3% are Hispanic or Latino. 
  • Between 2017 and 2022, the median household income in Ohio was $61,938. 

Ohio Population Demographics

Ohio is the seventh-most populous and the 35th-largest state by area in the United States. The Buckeye state is home to a population of approximately 11,756,058 residents, according to 2022 US Census estimates. About 22% of the residents were under 18, while 17.7% were above 65 years. Residents less than 5 years constituted 5.7% of the population. 

A closer look at the age groups of residents based on sex reveals that residents under 5 years comprised 5.9% of males and 5.5% of females. Similarly, Ohioans under 18 years of age made up 23% and 21.3% of the male and female population, respectively. Roughly 1 out of 7 (16.2%) residents over the age of 65 were male compared to 1 out of 5 (20%) that was female. About 50.7% of the residents in the state were women, and 49.3% were men.

Ohio Housing

5,269,638 housing
According to the US Census estimates for 2021, Ohio had 5,269,638 housing units.
From 2017 to 2021, Ohio's average owner-occupied housing unit rate was 66.6%.
The median value of owner-occupied housing units was $159,900
While the median selected monthly cost with a mortgage was $1,338
From 2017 to 2021, the median gross rent was $870, and the state issued 30,913 building licenses during the same period.

Ohio Racial Demographics

According to 2021 Census estimates, approximately 81% of Ohio residents were white, while Black or African American residents accounted for 13.2% of all residents.  


Hispanics or Latinos made up 4.3% of the state population, while Asians and American Indians accounted for 2.7% and 0.3%, respectively. Residents of two or more races comprised 2.6% of the population.

  • White only
  • Black or African American alone
  • Asian alone
White only 81.2% 
Black or African American alone 13.2% 
American Indian and Alaska Native alone 0.3% 
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islanders alone 0.1% 
Asian alone 2.7% 
Two or more races 2.6% 
Hispanic or Latino 4.3% 
White only, not Hispanic or Latino 77.7% 

Elections in Ohio

Ohio has historically favored the Republican Party. In the 14 gubernatorial elections held in Ohio between 1970 and 2020, 6 Republican candidates have been elected governor, while 4 Democratic candidates have won. The last time a Democrat gained the governorship of a state was in 2006 (Ted Strickland/Lee Fisher). 

On November 8, 2022, Ohio voters elected Mike DeWine, the Republican candidate for governor, to a second term in office. Governor DeWine defeated the Democratic Party candidate, Nan Whaley, by 2,580,424 votes to 1,580,424 votes.  

As of May 2023, there are 26 Republicans and 7 Democrats in the Ohio Senate, with Republicans holding three more seats than the necessary 22 for a supermajority vote. Senators are limited to two consecutive terms in office.  

2020 Presidential Election 

Donald Trump, the Republican candidate in the November 2020 presidential elections, won Ohio with 3,154,834 votes (53.27%), defeating Joe Biden, who received 2,679,165 votes (45.27%). This election marked the first occasion since 1982 that a sitting president won the state but lost the national election. 

Donald Trump

53.27% of votes

Joe Biden

45.27% of votes

Ohio Voting Statistics

State records on voter party affiliation from the Ohio Secretary of State reveal that in 2021 there were 947,027 registered Democrats and 836,080 registered Republicans. Other voter affiliations include 2,847 registered Libertarians and 6,196,547 unaffiliated registered voters. The records also showed that, as of the 2022 general elections, there were 8,029,950 registered voters in Ohio. 


General Election

YearVoter TurnoutTurnout Percentage (Voting Age Population)
2022 4,201,368 52.32% 
2020 5,974,121 73.99% 
2018 4,496,834 55.72% 
2016 5,607,641 71.33% 
2014 3,149,876 40.65% 
2012 5,633,246 70.53% 
2010 3,956,045 49.22% 
2008 5,773,777 69.97% 

How Educated is Ohio

According to US Census estimates from 2017 to 2021, more than 90% of Ohio citizens over 25 had a high school diploma or above, while 29.7% had a bachelor's degree or higher.

A closer look at the 2021 US Census projections reveals that 32.8% of Ohio citizens over 25 have a high school diploma or its equivalent. Residents with some college experience but no degree made up 19.2% of the population. Ohioans with an associate's degree, a bachelor's degree, and a graduate or professional degree accounted for 9.0%, 18.9%, and 11.8%, respectively.

Ohio Employment Rate

As of March 2023, the unemployment rate in Ohio stood at 3.8%, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics. At the same time, the state had a labor force of 5,755,585 workers, with 5,537,203 workers employed and 218,382 unemployed. 

US Census estimates for 2021 indicate that 69.4% of the state's residents are employees of private companies, while 12.6% work for local, state, and federal government agencies.

Other classes of workers include private, not-for-profit wage and salary workers and self-employed in their own incorporated business workers, constituting 9.7% and 3.1%, respectively. Workers that are self-employed on their own, not incorporated businesses, and unpaid family work made up 5.2% of Ohio’s workforce.

Average Income in Ohio

The median household income in Ohio is $61,938, according to the American Community Survey's (ACS) 5-year estimates (2017-2021). Similarly, the median income for families, married-couple families, and nonfamily households was $79,740, $95,540, and $36,811, respectively.  

A closer examination of the income segments revealed that 18.0% of households earned between $50,000 and $74,999 annually, followed by 15.5% of households earning between $100,000 and $144,999 annually.  

Other income groups include those between $35,000 and $49,999, $25,000 and $34,999, and $15,000 and $24,999, which accounted for 12.7%, 9.1%, and 8.8% of households, respectively. The percentage of Ohio households earning more than $150,000 annually was 12.5%, while households earning less than $10,000 were 6.2%. 

Families in Ohio

Ohio Marriage Rates

According to data published by the American Community Survey, in 2021, 47.2% of Ohio residents were married, not separated, while 33.4% had never been married. A breakdown of the gender of residents who were married and not separated showed that 48.4% were male and 46.0% were female.  

The highest proportion of male residents who were married and not separated were those aged 65 years and above (65.8%). In comparison, females aged 45 to 54 years were the dominant group (62.4%) among females that were married, not separated. 

Further investigation of the marriage rates among racial groups showed that Asians constituted the highest proportion of married residents, with 61.3%. Next to them are White residents with 50.8%, followed by Native Hawaiians and other Pacific Islanders with 44.0%. Blacks or African Americans constituted the lowest racial group of married Ohio residents.

Ohio Divorce Rates

According to the American Community Survey estimates for 2021, divorced residents comprised 10.7% males and 13.1% females. Approximately 12% of Ohioans older than 15 were divorced, compared to 47.2% who were married. Ohio men aged 55 and 64 had the highest divorce rate (19.0%); the same age group had the highest divorce rate among women (19.1%).

An inspection of the divorce rate among racial groups showed that American Indians and Alaska Native residents had the highest divorce rate (17.0%). Next to them were Blacks or African Americans (13.2%) and White residents (12.0%). Asians recorded the lowest divorce rate (4.4%) in the state.

Life Expectancy in Ohio

According to the National Center for Health Statistics, Ohio residents have a life expectancy of 75.3 years as of 2020. Based on current age-specific death rates, residents should be able to survive beyond the age of 70 under normal circumstances.  

In Ohio, the fertility rate of women aged 15-44 was 57.9 births per 1,000, while the rate of teen births was 15.5 births per 1,000 females. In addition, the infant mortality rate was 6.5 deaths per 1,000 births. Other state birth data revealed that the percentage of unmarried mothers, cesarean delivery, and preterm birth rates were 42.6, 31.5, and 10.59 per 1,000 births, respectively. 

Heart disease is the top cause of mortality in Ohio, followed by cancer. COVID-19, accidents, strokes, and chronic lower respiratory disorders are other significant causes. 

Human-induced deaths, such as drug overdose, gunshot injury death, and homicide, accounted for 48.1, 16.5, and 9.3 deaths per 100,000, respectively. 

Ohio Crime Rates


According to the 2021 National Incident Reporting System (NIBRS), 28,938 violent crime incidents out of 33,575 offenses were reported in Ohio. These crimes include 765 homicides, 4,384 rape cases, 6,615 robbery incidents, and 17,174 aggravated assault incidents.

At the same time, property crimes consist of 1,012 arson incidents, 19,402 motor vehicle thefts, 1,012 burglary cases, and 131,260 larceny-theft incidents.

A 5-year analysis (2016-2020) of the reported crime statistics revealed that Ohio had a violent crime rate of 307.7 per 100,000 people in 2016 and 296.8 per 100,000 persons in 2017. The rate of violent crime offenses reported in 2018, 2019, and 2020 was 294.8, 296, and 308.8 per 100,000 persons, respectively.  

Further analysis of the reported violent crimes between 2016 and 2020 revealed that the rate of violent crimes in Ohio decreased by 3.7% between 2016 and 2017 but increased by 4.2% from 2017 to 2018. However, the rate of violent crimes decreased by 0.4% and 4.3% from 2018 to 2019 and from 2019 to 2020, respectively.  

Ohio Incarceration Rate

44,191 inmates
According to official records published by the Ohio state government, there were 44,191 inmates in the state’s correctional facilities as of April 2023.
40,696 male and 3,495 female
A breakdown of the figure by gender revealed that 40,696 were male and 3,495 were female.
2,604 whites and 19,906 blacks
The racial composition of inmates in Ohio correctional facilities includes 22,604 whites and 19,906 blacks. Inmates of Native American and Asian descent were 94 and 75, respectively.
15,175 inmates
A closer look at the security level of Ohio prisons revealed that 15,175 inmates were detained in a security level 1 facility, while those in a security level 2 facility were 17,290 inmates.
9,320 inmates
A total of 9,320 inmates were in Level 3 security, while 124 were on death row.

Ohio Bankruptcy Rate

4,070 bankruptcy filings

As of March 2022, the total bankruptcy filings in Ohio stood at 4,070. This was made up of 2,973 (70%) Chapter 7 cases and 1,089 (27%) Chapter 13 filings. These figures represent a decline in bankruptcy filings witnessed since the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, according to the US Courts.

When compared to the annual bankruptcy filings in Ohio for the calendar year 2021 (20,306 cases), the total bankruptcy filings for 2022 (4,070 cases) represent a 24% decrease in total bankruptcy cases filed between the two years, according to the American Bankruptcy Institute.

A breakdown of the figures showed that Chapter 7 filings decreased from 16,303 in 2021 to 2,973 in 2022. At the same time, Chapter 13 filings decreased from 3,947 in 2021 to 1,089 in 2022.

Weird Laws in Ohio

  • It is against the law in Toledo, Ohio, to throw a snake at another person.
  • If you are within 160 feet of a place of worship, you need a permit to kill a housefly.
  • A police officer in Paulding, Ohio, may bite a dog to silence it.
  • If you live in Canton, Ohio, and you lose your pet tiger, you have one hour to report it to the police.
  • Whaling is not permitted on Sundays.
  • It is unlawful in North Canton, Ohio, to roller skate without first contacting the police.
  • On Sunday, it is forbidden for retailers in Columbus to sell Corn Flakes.
  • Playing any game in a public park without the superintendent's permission is a misdemeanor in Canton, Ohio.
  • Electric fences are not permitted in Canton, Ohio.
  • Driving around the town square more than 100 times in a single session is forbidden in Oxford, Ohio.
  • It is also unlawful to spit on the Oxford Square walkways.
  • Women are not permitted to wear patent leather shoes in public.

Cities in Ohio

Table of contents

Cities in Ohio